One of the ironies, of the structural adjustment period, has been the degree to which reforms designed to address unsavory aspects of the adjustment process have been undermined or retarded by the adjustment process itself. If readers wish to report offensive comments, suggest a correction or share a story then please email: This last argument was crucial given the socioeconomic background of the majority of new secondary school students. Jamaica became politically independent, constitutionally, in August It was offered to children who were one year older than the age limit for the CEE. Second, there was the introduction of new taxation specifically related to education.
The decline over the last decade is illustrated by the data in Table 1.
In discussing education reform in independent Jamaica, therefore, attention will be paid to both the process and product dimensions of the policies discussed. An offshoot of this is that teachers are free to participate in the partisan politics and are indeed important contributors to the political process. While the nationalists and regionalists could feel some satisfaction with respect to the accomplishments, there is no sense in which they could declare the mission accomplished. From their point of view, access to this type of school should have been the focus of all expansion in access to secondary education. Fees were introduced for university and CAST students in and for secondary students through cost-sharing in
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